Bed bugs can be a challenge because they are elusive. Even trained professionals have problems exterminating them. If you suspect you have bed bugs due to recurrent bite marks on the skin, promptly find some evidence and correctly identify the insect is a bed bug.
It is important that you do a detailed inspection of the infested room to locate all the harbourage sites and determine the source and extent of the infestation. The bed is the first place to search because the pests tend to stay close to the host’s resting place. Get more informations of bed bug inspection nyc.
You must know what to look for during inspection and you need some tools. Also, you must understand the basic biology to correctly identify the pest.
Bed bug biology
Bed bug eggs are approximately 1 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, with an egg cap (operculum). The eggs are pearl in colour and opaque.
The adult bed bug is reddish-brown in colour. It has an oval and dorso-ventrally flattened structure when unfed. The insect is wingless and approximately 5 – 7 mm in length with piercing mouthparts. It is pale yellow-brown in colour when unfed, but changes to a darker reddish-brown colour after feeding.
It has a short broad head with prominent eyes, a pair of 4 segmented antennae and 3 segmented proboscis in the ventral groove. It is very distinctive and can be identified immediately. Nymphs are smaller versions of the adults with thinner cuticle. Nymphs are translucent in colour and range in sizes from 1.3 mm – 5 mm as they pass through 5 instars.
What to look for
a. Blood stains
b. Dark faecal spots
c. Eggs, eggs shells, cast off skin
d. Bed bugs (adult and nymphs)
e. A pungent mouldy shoes or sickening sweet odour.
a. A strong flashlight
b. Magnifying glass
c. Plastic zipper bag
d. Crevice tool
e. Compressed air
g. Small tool kit
h. Alcohol, cotton swabs/baby wipes
i. Sticky traps
j. Gloves, soapy water, cloth and sponge
k. Mirror with handle
l. A notepad
m. A camera
n. Adjustable spanner
Inspect the mattress and bedding. Pay careful attention to edges near the wall and dark areas. Pour alcohol on a piece of cotton wool to test dark spots and stains on the mattress. If the spot dissolves into a reddish-brown colour it is blood stain. Continue the search until you find bed bugs.
Check along the tufts, seams and piping of the mattress, under button and folds of the material, check along the piping material sown to the edges and underneath the handles and labels.
If the mattress is on a divan base check the edge of the material underneath the base and hollow caster legs. Check beneath the mattress and box spring and between the platform and frame. Check inside seams and rips of the vinyl plastic that covers the mattress.
Box spring inspection
Slowly lift and inspect the points where the box spring rests on the bedframe to avoid scattering the bed bugs. Remove the box spring from the bedframe and inspect underneath.
Inspect inside the fold of material at the top surface of the box spring. Check along seams and areas where the material is tacked to the frame. Gently turnover the box spring, remove the thin cloth layer on the underside and inspect it.
Use the flashlight, the crevice tool and magnifying glass to inspect between the box spring and bedframe. Inspect beneath and around staples and tacks on the furniture. Flush the pests out of the hiding place with the flushing agent (e.g. pyrethroids). Place double-faced tape on the underside of the furniture to catch escaping bed bugs.