Accidents can happen anywhere and with anyone. Some accidents are minor and may not require serious medical attention. Others require the affected individuals to be rushed to a hospital. Nevertheless, it is advisable to have a first aid kit handy and have the information about what to do when you or your loved one meets with an accident.Have a look at post-accident tips from HgdLawfirm.com for more info on this.
Everyone should have a basic first aid kit at home and in the car. A first aid consists of the following items: Pain relievers and medicine for fever for kids and adults, thermometer, medicine for diarrhea and acidity, lotion to prevent sunburn, sterile wipes and gauze or bandages, adhesive tape, scissors, crepe bandage and antiseptic creams. Other useful items that may be useful include tweezers, disposable gloves, saline solution, safety pins, sterile eye pads and cotton buds.
Accidents can result in bleeding, poisoning, dental injuries, foreign particle in the eye, burns, breathing problems and more. When the accident takes place it is important to evaluate the nature of the injury and act accordingly. Therefore, first confirm that the injured person is awake and alert and breathing properly.
Minor cuts and burns can be easily handled at home. But in times of serious injury you might have to stabilize the breathing or relieve the pain of the person till medical help arrives. If the person is bleeding due to an injury or cut, the first priority is to stop the bleeding try applying pressure on the affected area. Use a clean cloth to do so and once the bleeding stops, cover with a clean bandage.
If the cut is deep, the blood comes out in squirts and the person may die within a few minutes. Therefore it is essential to apply a lot of pressure on the affected area so that the bleeding can be controlled. Also make sure that the injured area is higher than the rest of the body so that the blood flow to that region is controlled. Also, if possible, lower the head compared to the rest of the body so that the brain gets adequate oxygen.
Bleeding may also result in shock; the signs for this include sweaty hands, increased pulse rate, low pressure and dizziness. Help the person lie down so that the head is lower than the rest of the body. Also make sure the person is warm. In case of vomiting, turn the person to his or her side to prevent choking.